Wellbutrin is an atypical antidepressant. It is unrelated to tricyclic, tetracyclic, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or other known antidepressants.
Wellbutrin is used to treat depression, ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder), Bipolar Disorder (manic depression), chronic fatigue syndrome, cocaine and nicotine addiction as well as lower back pain. Welbutrin acts directly on the brain and nerve cells.
Wellbutrin comes in tablet form to be taken orally. The usual dosage is one tablet 1-3 times a day. Wellbutrin does not have to be taken with food. It should be swallowed. Do not crush, break, chew or divide the tablet. After Wellbutrin has been used regularly for a couple of weeks, patients generally report an improvement in their condition. Do not stop taking Wellbutrin without your doctor’s permission, even if you feel better. Patients who have been using Wellbutrin for a long time will need the dosage to be gradually reduced before stopping the medication completely. Never increase or decrease the dose without first consulting a doctor.
If a dose is missed, it can be taken as soon as you remember, as long as it is within four hours of the next scheduled dose. In this case, rather skip the missed dose. Never take a double dose.
Patients have reported dizziness or losing consciousness when using Wellbutrin. When getting up from a sitting or lying position, do it slowly. If symptoms persist, you should notify your doctor. Limit caffeine intake while using Wellbutrin.
Your doctor must be informed if you have a history of seizures, head injury or brain tumor, heart/liver/kidney disease, an eating disorder, diabetes, alcohol dependence, allergies, or intention to stop smoking. Be careful when driving, operating machinery or performing any potentially dangerous activity. Avoid activities that cause dizziness or drowsiness. Limit the intake of alcohol, as alcohol can increase the risk of seizures. Do not take Wellbutrin if you are pregnant, likely to become pregnant or breastfeeding as there have not been adequate studies of Wellbutrin’s effects during pregnancy. Wellbutrin is excreted into breast milk. Patients over the age of 65 are likely to be more sensitive to the effects of Wellbutrin.
Wellbutrin is a drug prescribed for the treatment of depression and certain anxiety problems.
The drug can be taken in empty stomach and also with food. But you have to take care that the drug is not crushed, chewed and broken, as the drug should only enter the body slowly. Once you are prescribed wellbutrin, complete the whole course of medication or you will not get the desired results. Never stop the drug without consulting you doctor or you may be at a higher risk.
Before the doctor prescribes Wellbutrin, tell him about all your health history so that he can take a better decision regarding the medication. Better inform him if you have a history of heart attack, seizures, head injuries, kidney or liver problems, bipolar disorder and tumours of the brain and spinal cord.
When taking the drug, you should be very cautious as you may have thoughts about suicide in the first many weeks of the dosage. Always keep you doctor's appointments. If you come across mood or behaviour changes, panic attacks, anxiety, sleeping problems or thoughts of suicide, consult your doctor immediately.
Wellbutrin is rated FDA pregnancy category C. Though it is not known if Wellbutrin affects the unborn babe, it is always better to consult your doctor if you are pregnant or hoping to get pregnant. Breast-feeding mothers should not use the drug as the drug is seen in breast milk, which can cause harm to the kids. The drug should also be not prescribed for children below 18 years of age.
Antidepressants are the primary line of treatment against depression. Numerous pharmaceutical organizations occupied with direct showcasing of antidepressants to purchasers through TV and print media.
Hence, patients have a great impact on prescribing schemes of health experts with regards to this kind of drug. Antidepressants are frequently recommended, yet all things considered, what precisely are antidepressants? How would they function?
Individuals who are looking for help for the diagnosis and treatment of depression ought to counsel their doctor and/or drug specialist.
The depression or real depressive issue - TDM, likewise called clinical dejection or unipolar depression – it prompts lost efficiency at work and school. What's more, in particular, is the main cause of suicide.
The TDM, not at all like the brief periods of "melancholy" is a steady change in temperament that can interrupt family connections and self-esteem. The TDM has physical and mental indications, which include:
To have a clinical conclusion of MDD, these side effects ought to happen as often as possible for a minimum time of two weeks. These side effects can likewise come about because of different maladies, for example, hypertension, diabetes, coronary illness and epilepsy.
Antidepressants are intended to block different parts of the procedure of synaptic transmission in neurons that contain serotonin, norepinephrine and dopamine in the cerebrum and hence enhance the levels of these neurotransmitters. With the expansion in neurotransmitter levels, moods and feelings ought to balance out and maybe come back to normal.
Antidepressants are grouped by the neurotransmitters that affect and how they influence. We should look at the different sorts of antidepressant:• Selective Serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI)
SSRIs, antidepressants endorsed frequently were presented in the mid 80s. SSRIs piece serotonin transport back to the pre-synaptic cell. SSRIs incorporate the following medications:
The different SSRIs are similarly successful and endured by patients. Notwithstanding, one responds a similar way, along these lines, a few patients may endure more reactions of a sort other than with SSRIs. Most antidepresasnt is directed more than once per day.
Symptoms incorporate sickness, dizziness, unsteadiness, sleep deprivation, vomiting, anorexia, tension and sexual dysfunction.
Tricyclic antidepressants include:
Tricyclic antidepressants influence heart rate and pulse, since norepinephrine is additionally a neurotransmitter utilized by the autonomic sensory system that controls circulatory strain and heart rate. Its reactions incorporate postural hypotension (circulatory strain underneath typical), tachycardia (quick pulse), dry mouth, urinary maintenance and obscured vision.
Tricyclic antidepressants are non-particular inhibitors of the reuptake of norepinephrine, in light of the fact that their compound structures are like norepinephrine.
Antidepressant drug list is common phenomenon in a pharmaceutical company but not including fluxetine in the drug list is quite negligent. This is a type of antidepressant that comes under Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor popularly known as SSRI because it is good for health and certain types of depression as it may poses some really toxic side-effects. One such example of side-effects of fluxetine is vomiting. This type of antidepressant is good for lethargy and obesity but it is not recommended for crippled patients. This antidepressant medicine also aggravates tizzy through a boost of energy and less food intake. This drug has it all and the best thing about this drug is it does not make people sleepy or weary.
Now if we talk about the patients with bipolar disorder the best drug to use and should be included in the list of antidepressant is sertraline should be included in the complete list and also it doesn’t affect patient adversely like other drugs and doesn’t create side-effects while uplift the patient through positive result. The drug's powerfulness is much more useful when it is only taken after a meal. If a patient suffering from depression experience anxiety and sleeplessness, then the patient should take paroxetine. This type of antidepressant has properties that urge sleep and a sedative effect. Before using this specific drug on the list of antidepressants for old people you should know that it may impair normal body function and can affect memory of the person.
Since old age patients are more sensitive than any of the other age group, the drug venlafaxine should definitely be on the listed file of antidepressant drugs. This drug is very useful for mild depression in the elderly patients and it does not conclude in any kind of sexual side-effects. The antidepressant bupropoin should not be included in the list of antidepressant drugs for patients who are suffering from epileptic seizure, bulimia, and head injuries. However if the patient is also suffering from tepid epilepsy spells, if the patient is taking the drugs the chances of suffering from seizures is hugely expanded. Apart from this, the dosage should be determined which is quite hard and also enhances the sexual drive.
The drugs are a matter of concern some people abuse their right to buy the drugs. As these drugs are antidepressants they get it illegally and use it to get high which is considered punishable worldwide. The list phenomenon of antidepressant is a wonderful idea which gives us insight of which medicines are worth using while what to avoid that may create side-effects afterwards. For the reasons not unknown it is important to include medicines that may affect the elderly and not the youth is so that we can divide them accordingly. If you’re suffering from depression please consult your doctor and if you’re dealing with some side-effects then do let the doctor know. This kind of information is very important for research and clinical purposes so don’t forget to mention them.
Anxiety is a very normal human response which is experienced by all at different times. Most feel anxious or nervous when challenged by a problem, before taking an exam or before making any important decision. At times, this condition causes such distress that it somehow results in hampering a person’s normal well-being.
Any type of anxiety disorder is a serious issue and must be dealt with, properly. Constant fear and feelings of worry are followed by anxiety. Anxiety disorders are more common in women than men, though anxiety in men originates from various factors.
The most commonly recognized types of anxiety disorders are:
The symptoms of anxiety among males depend mostly on the type of anxiety disorder, but the general symptoms include:
The causes that lead to anxiety disorders in men are as follows:
When suspected with symptoms of anxiety, the doctor will begin by filling up details about the medical history and byperforming some physical examinations. Although there might not be any lab tests available to diagnose anxiety, the doctor may still look into any kind of physical ailment that can be a cause of anxiety.
Without the presence of any physical illness, the patient is referred to a psychologist or a psychiatrist to find the source of anxiety, where the patient is evaluated using specially designed interviews and assessment tools.
The exact treatment method would depend on the type of disorder, though few combinations of therapies greatly deal with most of the anxieties:
Though anxiety cannot be completely prevented, it can be controlled to minimize the symptoms. It includes:
The concurrent use of small or moderate amounts of alcohol and therapeutic doses of drugs which are CNS depressants can increase drowsiness and reduce alertness. These drugs include analgesics, anttconvulsants, antidepressants, antthtstamtnes, anttnauseants, neuroleptics, tranquillizers, hupno-sedatives and others. This increases the risk of accident when driving or handling other potentially dangerous machinery and may make the performance of everyday tasks more difficult and hazardous
With only small or moderate amounts of alcohol and blood alcohol levels well within legal driving limits, it may be quite unsafe to drive if another CNS depressant is being taken concurrently. The details of drugs which have been tested are set out in the synopses in this chapter, but there are others which nobody seems to have tested formally. The Abstract/Summary above lists some of those which commonly cause drowsiness. Quite apart from driving, almost everyone meets potentially dangerous situations every day at home, in the garden, in the street and at work. Crossing a busy street or even walking downstairs can become much more risky under the influence of drugs and drink A cause for concern is that the patient may be partially or totally unware of the extent of the deterioration in his skills.
Mianserin can cause drowsiness and impair the ability to drive or handle other dangerous machinery, particularly during the first few days of treatment. This impairment is increased by alcohol. Pirlindole appears not to interact with alcohol.
A double-blind cross-over study in 13 normal subjects given 20-60 mg mianserin daily for eight days, with and without alcohol (1 g/kg), showed that their performance of a number of psychomotor tests (choice reaction, coordination, critical flicker frequency) were impaired by concurrent use. The subjects were aware of feeling drowsy and muzzy, and less able to carry out the tests.
These results confirm the findings of other studies.
A study in subjects given pirlindole indicated that it did not affect the performance of a number of psychomotor tests, with or without alcohol.
The CNS depressant effects of mianserin appear to be ad-ditive with those of alcohol.
Drowsiness is a frequently reported side-effect of miansenn, particularly during the first few days of treatment Patients should be warned that driving or handling dangerous machinery will be made more hazardous if they drink Pirlin-dole appears not to interact.
The ability to drive, to handle dangerous machinery or to do other tasks requiring complex psychomotor skills may be impaired by amitriptyline and to a lesser extent by doxepin, particularly during the first few days of treatment. This impairment is increased by alcohol. Nortriptyline, clomipramine, desipramine and amoxapine appear to interact with alcohol only minimally. Information about other tricyclic anti-depressants appears to be lacking.
(a) Alcohol and amitriptyline
A study in 21 normal subjects showed that blood alcohol levels of about 80 mg% impaired the performance of three motor skills tests related to driving, and after additionally taking 0.8 mg/kg amitriptyline the performance was even further impaired.
Similar results have been very clearly demonstrated in considerable numbers of subjects using a variety of psychomotor skill tests, the interaction being most marked during the first few days of treatment, but tending to wane as treatment continued. There is also some limited evidence from animal studies that amitriptyline may possibly enhance the fatty changes induced in the liver by alcohol, but this still needs confirmation from human studies. Unexplained blackouts lasting a few hours have also been described in three women after drinking only modest amounts; they had been taking amitriptyline or imipramine for only a month.
(b) Alcohol and doxepin
A double-blind cross-over trial on 21 subjects given various combinations of alcohol and either doxepin or a placebo showed that with blood-alcohol levels of 40-50 mg% choice reaction test times were prolonged and the number of mistakes increased. Coordination was obviously impaired after seven days treatment with doxepin, but not after 14 days.
In an earlier study doxepin appeared to cancel out the deleterious effects of alcohol on the performance of a simulated driving test.
(c) Alcohol and amoxapine, clomipramine, desipramine, nortriptyline
Studies in subjects with blood-alcohol levels of 40-50 mg% showed that clomipramine and nortriptyline had only slight or no effects on various choice reaction, coordination, memory and learning tests. The amoxapine-alcohol interaction was found to be slight, but two patients have been described who experienced reversible extrapyramidal symptoms (parkinsonism, akathisia) while taking amoxapine, apparently caused by drinking. Tests in subjects given 100 mg desipramine indicated that no significant interaction occurred with alcohol.
Part of the explanation is that both alcohol and some of the tricyclics, particularly amitriptyline, cause drowsiness and other CNS depressant effects which can be additive with the effects of alcohol. The sedative effects in descending order are said in one review to be as follows: amitriptyline, doxepin, imipramine, nortriptyline, desipramine, protriptyline. In addition, alcohol causes marked increases ( + 100-200%) in the plasma concentrations of amitriptyline, probably by inhibiting its metabolism during its first pass through the liver.
The amitriptyline-alcohol interaction is very well documented. Patients should be warned that driving or handling dangerous machinery may be made more hazardous if they drink, particularly during the first few days, but the effects of the interaction diminish during prolonged treatment. The alcohol-doxepin interaction is less well documented and the information is conflicting, but to be on the safe side a similar warning should be given. Nortriptyline, clomipramine, desipramine and amoxapine appear to interact only minimally with alcohol. Direct information about other tricyclics seems to be lacking, but there appear to be no particular reasons for avoiding concurrent use. However prescribers may feel it appropriate to offer some precau-tionary advice because during the first 1-2 weeks of treat-ment many tricyclics (without alcohol) may temporarily impair the skills related to driving.
Mental stress is a part of life and no one get away from this problem. There are many techniques use for minimize it but some men use different medicines for such problem. According to the survey in United States, it is found that every two persons are suffering from this problem among three. This research is based on about 2000 people whose ages were between 30 to 70 years. It is found that financial problem is the top leading reason of stress but men are not worried about their health that’s worrying Philip Hagen. This survey suggests that many of the men are overestimating their health. Each four people out of five think themselves as a healthy person but they have actually unhealthy habit. They got their extra weight and have life full of stress due to this overestimation. It is observed that men got weight in last 10 years more but it does not surprises Hagen because commonly people gain weight 1 to 2 pounds every year. Both genders (male and female) pass from same level of stress but male discuss and consider it less, researcher observed in the offices. Stress is responsible to activate the sympathetic nerve system. It is related to the weight gain because it is observed that men with less stress got more weight as compare to the stressful men. Weight gaining conditions also welcome different health problem like diabetes and heart problem. Moreover stress can cause high heart beat rate, migraine, back pain, weak immune system and high blood pressure. Many of the techniques are use for reducing the stress in which exercise, proper sleeping time and meditation are best practice. Yoga is a good remedy especially for reducing stress. Men should recognize the symptoms of stress before changing any other things. Symptoms of stress are feeling tired, forgetfulness, inability to sleep lack of motivation, concentration loss, and recurring headache or start drinking. Stress also put many negative impacts on body’s health and there is a chance of cold, flu, cancer or heart attack in the worst condition. Terry Real said that worrying is having your pain in advance. It means that men stress can be increased by just thinking about the worst condition that’s why men should consider the present but not the future too much. Some of the steps can help men for reducing the stress as they should use very rarely electronic device but should interpersonally connect. Go with your friends and talk with them is a good habit for resolving stress problem. Enough time for sleep and a good exercise helps in such condition more and these practices creates a big difference among stressful people. Many of the people say that they have no enough time for exercise or relax. Hallowell said that people should aware that how to spend their money and time. Most of the time people do not manage their time but waste about three hour is a week. By managing time and with healthy working routine, a man can get good life with less stress.
Stress is now become an important factor which effects the health of men. If this problem crosses limits then there is a possibility that some of the diseases like heart problem, cancer, diabetes, back pain, migraine headache and high blood pressure can happened. In this era, no one can say that he has no any tension because as our life become easy with the development in world, it also increased men’s life with tension and fatigue. Perfect removal of the tension part is not possible but by attempting some simple rule we might be able to minimize it. At the start, men suffer from different sort of problem due to the tensions like anxiety, insomnia, fatigue, and depression and after a while they may start some unhealthy activities like, drinking, smoking, drug abusing and overeating. Stress is an unhealthy action because it switches the biological buttons inside the body. As a person looks wild animal and try to save his family from animal wildness. In this situation, stress changed his condition for fight to fight response inside the body through biological action. In this condition heart beats too much fast and passes more blood towards brain for quick and active decision. Moreover blood also goes through the arms and legs for providing some extra energy for this task. Blood sugar level increased for providing more fuel in form of energy. Blood clotting became too fast so that blood flow can be stopped in case of initial wounds. There are many methods for handling the stress and can be minimized. Routine of the daily exercise helps men for lowering their stress level and provide improvement in overall body’s health. Health diet and proper time to sleep is a good practice to remove the stress part from mind and men become able to handle new stresses. Different kind of the drugs or caffeine should not use as it increases sleeplessness and stress. Similarly, use of the alcohol deepens the part of stress and men remain in same stress after a time period. By spending little time in your comfort zone, men can handle the stress very gently. Men can spend their time in yoga, prayer or in a group of friends for having some fun. Try to clear your mind from such stress and enjoy that part of life where you are sitting. Try to sort out the problems because every time men feel too much relaxed by resolving the problem. In this regard, if your neighbor’s dog is barking continuously then you must talk to your neighbor for some solution. It is studied that about 60% of the stress in men’s life is because of the traffic jam and it is seven times higher than women. Men should manage their travelling hours and should travel in less rash time. Similarly, go to the shop when there is less packed time of people. Accept and try to enjoy those stresses which you cannot control. As it is useless to depress on rainy weather but you have to enjoy it for minimizing stress.
In this busy life, there are too much people who spend most of their time by sitting on the chair in offices and on other working places. Due to high sitting plan, people suffer from many of the diseases. Same kind of the people loss their exercising routine and in this way their body turn into a lazy condition. Working body uses food which provides energy to the body and sitting routine effect on our body. It is also found that too much sitting plan disturbs the mind and person turn in to Anxiety.
According to the new review, it is revealed that people who spend most of their time on chair feel too much anxious as compare to the other persons who do not do it. But it not clear, that whether sitting in front of the TV or while use of the computer effect the person with anxiety or not. But it is studied that most of the anxious people spend most of the time by sitting. Megan Teychenne said that it is also possible that it effects on the mental condition of the person. Teychenne continued that, by taking it indirect, most of the people who spend most of the time in watching TV can suffer from anxiety and it also put a direct effect on nervous system that use most of the time in video gaming.
She added, this study explain the relationship between the anxiety and sedentary and more study is required for its long investigation. She said, anxiety is a serious problem in the Australia and about 17 % of the adults are suffering from anxiety problem. Teychenne continued that new generation of this era spends most of their time in front of the computer or watching TV. In this way they victimized from of anxiety problem which is caused by the too much sitting or increase the risk of anxious. Generally, it is studied that many of the researches explained the relationship of sitting plan and anxiety problem created due to this. She said it is also not clears that which comes first in this relation, anxiety or sedentary.
Moreover, different researches explain the variance in ideas about anxiety. Some supports its relationship with sedentary life style or some does not support it. So it is important to keep in mind when ever we use TV, computer or any use of the electronic device that it may cause a serious effect of anxiety day by day. It is important that previous studies also explain the connection between sitting life style and anxiety problem. Moreover a Canadian study explained the heart problem, diabetes, cancer and sudden death due to the long sedentary action. She suggested that people should stretch their body while sitting, and sometimes they should stand to relax their body and to prevent it from anxiety problem. These things are important for the body in the whole day and it is also helpful in physical fitness and for mind health.
Dr. Alan Manevitz also supported this idea that it is a common sense to do all these things for the betterment of the body health. Teychenne said, it is not explanation of cause and effects of sitting habit and anxiety but just only explain its relationship.
Modern culture often pushes an unrealistic image of success, making people feel like they should be able to perform perfectly in all aspects of life effortlessly. Television and social media are a lot to blame regarding this issue, for serving idealized lifestyle images.
Celexa - Cipramil; Cymbalta - Yentreve; Desyrel - Trittico; Effexor - Foraven, Politid, Tifaxin, Venaxx, Venlalic; Elavil - Domical, Lentizol, Tryptizol; Lexapro - Cipralex; Luvox - Faverin; Pamelor - Allegron, Aventyl; Paxil - Seroxat; Zyprexa - Zypadhera.